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What Is Moxifloxacin

what is moxifloxacin

Description

Moxifloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used to treat a variety of infections of the lungs, skin, and abdomen. You should avoid taking this medicine if you are allergic to other fluoroquinolones. Use with caution in the elderly population as it increases the risk of Tendinitis and Tendon rupture.

Side effects

  • Abdominal pain
  • Blurred vision
  • Bone pain
  • Dark or clay colored stools
  • Dizziness
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Headache
  • Severe sunburn
  • Acid or sour stomach
  • Nervousness
  • White patches in the mouth or on the tongue
  • Dry eyes

Dosage

Missed Dose

The missed dose should be taken as soon possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it's already time for your next scheduled dose.

Overdose

Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of overdose.

Important Information

Moxifloxacin can cause serious side effects, including tendon problems, nerve damage, serious mood or behavior changes, or low blood sugar.

Stop taking moxifloxacin and call your doctor at once if you have symptoms such as: headache, hunger, irritability, feeling anxious or shaky, numbness, tingling, burning pain, confusion, agitation, paranoia, problems with memory or concentration, or thoughts of suicide.

Moxifloxacin may cause swelling or tearing of a tendon. Stop taking moxifloxacin and call your doctor at once if you have sudden pain, swelling, bruising, tenderness, stiffness, or movement problems in any of your joints.

Before taking this medicine

You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to moxifloxacin or other fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin, gemifloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin, norfloxacin, and others).

Moxifloxacin may cause swelling or tearing of a tendon (the fiber that connects bones to muscles in the body), especially in the Achilles' tendon of the heel. This can happen during treatment or up to several months after you stop taking moxifloxacin. Tendon problems may be more likely to occur if you are over 60, if you take steroid medication, or if you have had a kidney, heart, or lung transplant.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • tendon problems, bone problems, arthritis, or other joint problems;
  • diabetes;
  • a muscle or nerve disorder, such as myasthenia gravis;
  • liver or kidney disease;
  • seizures or epilepsy;
  • a head injury or brain tumor;
  • long QT syndrome (in you or a family member); or
  • heart problems, or low levels of potassium in your blood (hypokalemia).

Warnings

Warnings for special population

Pregnancy - This medicine is not recommended for use during pregnancy unless absolutely necessary. Consult your doctor about the potential benefits and risks before deciding to take this medicine.

Breast-feeding - Use of this medicine is not recommended for women who are breastfeeding due to the adverse effect on the development of the infant's joints. Use only if clearly needed under the supervision of the doctor. Monitoring of undesired effects like diarrhea, diaper rash is necessary.

Tendinitis and tendon rupture - Use of Moxifloxacin will increase the risk to develop tendinitis or tendon rupture during the treatment or several months after treatment. It will affect the shoulder, hand, the back of your ankle, or other parts of your body. The risk is more if you are above 60 years of age and have a history of kidney, heart, or lung transplant and joint disease. You are also at high risk if you are on corticosteroids like dexamethasone, methylprednisolone or prednisone.

Drug-resistance - Usage of Moxifloxacin without sufficient proof or suspicion of a bacterial infection should be avoided. Irrational dosing might fail in providing the benefits and even cause toxicity. It may also increase the risk of development of bacteria that is drug resistant.

Central nervous system effects - Moxifloxacin should be used with caution the patients with epilepsy or other CNS disorders. Discontinue the treatment if any symptoms appear until the exact cause is identified.

Pediatric use - The safety and effectiveness of Moxifloxacin is not established in the children less than 18 years of age.

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