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What Is Fluconazole Used For

what is fluconazole used for

What is fluconazole?

Fluconazole is a prescription drug. It comes as a tablet or suspension you take by mouth.

Fluconazole oral tablet is available as both a generic drug, and as the brand-name drug Diflucan.

Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. In some cases, they may not be available in all strengths or forms as the brand-name drug.

Why it's used

Fluconazole is used to prevent and treat candidiasis. This condition is caused by infection with one of the many types of the fungus Candida. Examples of candidiasis include vaginal yeast infection, as well as oral yeast infection (thrush).

Candidiasis can also cause infections on other parts of your body, including your throat, esophagus, lungs, and blood. People who have had bone marrow transplants may be treated with fluconazole to prevent candidiasis. This is because their immune systems are weakened, which makes them more likely to become infected with a severe form of candidiasis.

How it works

Fluconazole belongs to a class of drugs called triazole antifungals. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.

Fluconazole works by blocking the ability of the fungi Candida and Cryptococcus to reproduce. For people with infections from these fungi, this drug helps to get rid of the infection. For people at higher risk of candidiasis, it helps to prevent infection.

Side effects

  • Headache
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin rash
  • QT Prolongation
  • Alopecia
  • Seizures
  • Swelling of face, lips, eyelids, tongue, hands and feet

Dosage

Missed Dose

Oral and topical forms: The missed dose of Fluconazole should be taken/used as soon as possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it is already the time for your next scheduled dose. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed one. Since Fluconazole injection is mostly administered by a healthcare professional in a clinical setting, the likelihood of missing a dose is very low.

Overdose

Oral and Topical forms: Seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor in case of an overdose with Fluconazole. Injection: Since this medicine is administered in the hospital setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of an overdose is very low. However, emergency medical treatment will be initiated by the doctor if an overdose is suspected.

General Instructions

Fluconazole should be taken following all the instructions that are given by your doctor. To ensure complete recovery and no relapse, the full course of treatment should be followed. It is more effective if taken at the same time on all days. Any instance of side effect should be reported to the doctor immediately.

Warnings

Warnings for special population

  • Pregnancy - This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. Discuss all the risks and benefits with your doctor before using this medicine.
  • Breast-feeding - This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine. If you use the medicine, you are advised to monitor the baby closely for any adverse effects.

General warnings

  • Liver Injury - Fluconazole can cause moderate to severe side effects on liver and may result in liver failure in rare cases. Any known incidence of liver disease should be reported to the doctor. Dosage adjustments and safety monitoring might be required in such cases.
  • Allergy - Fluconazole and other medicines of the same group i.e Azoles could cause allergy in some patients. Any such known instance of allergy should be reported to the doctor.
  • Skin disorders - Fluconazole may cause a condition where the skin starts to peel off in some patients. If you have had fungal infections in the past, then symptoms of infections should be monitored closely.
  • Heart condition - Caution is advised while using this medicine in patients with a history of cardiovascular disorder. Suitable dose adjustment and safety monitoring might be required in such cases.

How should this medicine be used?

Fluconazole comes as a tablet and a suspension (liquid) to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day, with or without food. You may need to take only one dose of fluconazole, or you may need to take fluconazole for several weeks or longer. The length of your treatment depends on your condition and on how well you respond to fluconazole. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take fluconazole exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Your doctor may tell you to take a double dose of fluconazole on the first day of your treatment. Follow these directions carefully.

Shake the liquid well before each use to mix the medication evenly.

You should begin to feel better during the first few days of treatment with fluconazole. If your symptoms do not improve or get worse, call your doctor.

Continue to take fluconazole until your doctor tells you that you should stop, even if you feel better. Do not stop taking fluconazole without talking to your doctor. If you stop taking fluconazole too soon, your infection may come back after a short time.

Ask your pharmacist or doctor for a copy of the manufacturer's information for the patient.

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