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What Is Fluconazole Prescribed For

what is fluconazole prescribed for

Description

Fluconazole is an anti-fungal drug. It is used to prevent and treat infections caused by fungi and yeasts. It acts by stopping the growth and multiplication of these organisms.

Uses of Fluconazole

  • Oropharyngeal Candidiasis
  • Esophageal Candidiasis
  • Cryptococcal Meningitis
  • Vaginal Candidiasis
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Peritonitis
  • Candidemia
  • Prophylaxis of Infections in Special Population

Side effects

  • Headache
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin rash
  • QT Prolongation
  • Alopecia
  • Seizures
  • Swelling of face, lips, eyelids, tongue, hands and feet

Dosage

Missed Dose

Oral and topical forms: The missed dose of Fluconazole should be taken/used as soon as possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it is already the time for your next scheduled dose. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed one. Since Fluconazole injection is mostly administered by a healthcare professional in a clinical setting, the likelihood of missing a dose is very low.

Overdose

Oral and Topical forms: Seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor in case of an overdose with Fluconazole. Injection: Since this medicine is administered in the hospital setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of an overdose is very low. However, emergency medical treatment will be initiated by the doctor if an overdose is suspected.

Warnings

Warnings for special population

Pregnancy

This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. Discuss all the risks and benefits with your doctor before using this medicine.

Breast-feeding

This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine. If you use the medicine, you are advised to monitor the baby closely for any adverse effects.

Liver Injury

 Fluconazole can cause moderate to severe side effects on liver and may result in liver failure in rare cases. Any known incidence of liver disease should be reported to the doctor. Dosage adjustments and safety monitoring might be required in such cases.

Allergy

 Fluconazole and other medicines of the same group i.e Azoles could cause allergy in some patients. Any such known instance of allergy should be reported to the doctor.

Skin disorders

 Fluconazole may cause a condition where the skin starts to peel off in some patients. If you have had fungal infections in the past, then symptoms of infections should be monitored closely.

Heart condition

Caution is advised while using this medicine in patients with a history of cardiovascular disorder. Suitable dose adjustment and safety monitoring might be required in such cases.

Kidney disease

 It is recommended to report any history of or active renal disorders to the doctor prior to the start of therapy with this medicine as necessary dosage adjustments may be made by the doctor for the safe use of this medicine.

Dizziness and seizures

This medicine may cause dizziness or even seizures in few patients. Hence caution is adviced while driving and operating heavy machinery after taking this medicine.

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