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What Is Azithromycin 500Mg Used To Treat

what is azithromycin 500mg used to treat

What is azithromycin?

Azithromycin is an antibiotic.

It's widely used to treat chest infections such as pneumonia, infections of the nose and throat such as sinusitis, skin infections, Lyme disease, and some sexually transmitted infections.

Azithromycin is used in children, often to treat ear infections or chest infections.

It can also be used long term to prevent chest infections in people who keep getting them.

The medicine is available on prescription as capsules, tablets and a liquid that you drink. It can also be given by injection, but this is usually only done in hospital.

How does azithromycin work?

Azithromycin is a type of antibiotic called a macrolide. It works by preventing bacteria from producing proteins that are essential to them. Without these proteins the bacteria cannot grow, replicate and increase in numbers. The bacteria eventually die or are destroyed by the immune system. This clears up the infection.

Azithromycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that helps clear up infections caused by a wide variety of bacteria.

Dosage

Missed Dose

Oral forms/Eye drops/Gel/Ointment: The missed dose of Azithromycin should be taken/applied as soon as possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it is already time for your next scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for the missed dose. Since Azithromycin injection is usually administered by a qualified healthcare professional in the clinical or hospital setting, the likelihood of missing a dose is very low.

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

Side effects

Like all medicines, azithromycin can cause side effects, although not everyone gets them.

These common side effects of azithromycin happen in more than 1 in 100 people.

Keep taking the medicine, but talk to your doctor or pharmacist if these side effects bother you or don't go away:

  • feeling sick
  • diarrhoea or vomiting
  • losing your appetite
  • headache
  • feeling dizzy or tired
  • changes to your sense of taste
  • chest pains or a faster or irregular heartbeat
  • yellow skin or the whites of your eyes turn yellow, or pale poo with dark pee - these can be signs of liver or gallbladder problems
  • ringing in your ears (tinnitus), temporary hearing loss, or you feel unsteady on your feet (vertigo)
  • severe pain in your tummy or back - these can be warning signs of inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
  • severe or long-lasting diarrhoea with blood in your poo

warnings

Hypersensitivity - This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known allergy to Azithromycin or any other macrolides.

Myasthenia Gravis - Azithromycin has been reported to worsen the symptoms of Myasthenia Gravis as well as trigger new-onset symptoms. Hence, this medicine should be used with extreme caution in patients with a known history of Myasthenia Gravis. Replacement with a suitable alternative should be done under your doctor's supervision.

Storage

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Do not refrigerate or freeze the extended-release oral liquid. After water has been added to the powder, use the dose within 12 hours and throw away any unused liquid after your dose.

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