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What Dose Of Azithromycin Clears Chlamydia

what dose of azithromycin clears Chlamydia

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia trachomatis is bacterial infection of semen or vaginal fluid. It is transmitted through sexual contact. This includes anal, vaginal, and oral sex. Chlamydia can still be passed on even when a man does not ejaculate. It is curable with antibiotics, commonly azithromycin and doxycycline.

Who is at risk of chlamydia infection?

Anyone who has unprotected sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral, or anal). It can also be transmitted by shared sex toys. Women can infect babies during childbirth.

What are typical symptoms of chlamydia?

These are genitourinary symptoms. Men can experience pain, discomfort, or swelling of the testicles, a burning sensation when passing urine, or a genitourinary discharge. Half of infected men have no symptoms. Symptoms for women are a vaginal discharge, bleeding after sexual intercourse, or between periods, a burning sensation when passing urine, and pelvis or lower abdominal pain. Three quarters of infected women have no symptoms.

What about symptoms elsewhere?

Chlamydia is spread by contact with infected genital fluid. The anus, throat, or eyes can be affected. Anal symptoms include soreness, with discharge that can be bloody. The throat may feel like a usual viral sore throat. If eyes are infected they become red, sore, and gritty with a discharge.

How can I tell my partner, will they think I've cheated on them?

You may feel embarrassed, scared or angry. However it is important and respectful to let your partner know as soon as possible so they can get tested and treated. Remember that chlamydia often has no symptoms, so a diagnosis doesn't necessarily mean the infection was caught recently. You may not be sure when you were exposed. Many people are surprised how supportive their partner is, and how they appreciate being confided in.

Why is it important to treat chlamydia?

If left untreated chlamydia is unlikely to go away. It can be passed onto sexual partners and can cause serious harm. Women can get cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix with bleeding, discharge and painful sex) or pelvic inflammatory disease. This can result in permanent damage to the fallopian tubes, which causes infertility or (life threatening) ectopic pregnancy. Chlamydia also can cause a reactive arthritis. Men can suffer with urethritis (inflammation on the urethra, symptoms include discharge, pain passing urine and sore skin at the penis tip), this can spread to the contents of the scrotal sac – epididymus and testicles. This causes pain, and in severe cases infertility. Men can also get a reactive arthritis.

My symptoms haven't cleared - why not?

There are several possible explanations. The symptoms could have a cause other than chlamydia. You can have more than one sexually transmitted infection at the same time, so you may need to be tested for other infections. There are also non-STI causes such as a lower urinary tract infection or, in women, endometriosis. You may have been re-infected with chlamydia if you had unprotected sex with an infected or partially treated partner. Rarely, the infection is resistant to a particular antibiotic treatment and therefore does not clear. Your GP or local GUM clinic would be able to help work out what is happening.

How do I take doxycycline?

Take two doses (100mg each dose) a day (ideally evenly spaced 12 hours apart) for one week. Gullet irritation is a risk with doxycycline. To avoid this swallow the capsules whole, taking them with (a glass of) water. This ensures they go straight into the stomach without sticking in the gullet. Taking them whilst upright, sitting or standing, will also help. For this reason don't take doxycycline just before bed.

There is evidence that unlike some other tetracycline antibiotics, doxycycline absorption is not significantly slowed when taken with a meal. If nausea and tummy upset is a problem when taken on an empty stomach, the advice is to take with food.

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