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Torsemide

Torsemide

Description

Torsemide is a diuretic used to reduce edema (swelling) from multiple causes such as heart failure, renal disease, or liver disease. Use of torsemide has been found to be effective for the treatment of edema associated with chronic renal failure.Torsemide tablets are also indicated for the treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension) alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents.Torsemide is available under the following different brand names: Demadex. Torsemide is also used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the work load of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. High blood pressure may also increase the risk of heart attacks. These problems may be less likely to occur if blood pressure is controlled.

How should this medicine be used?

Torsemide comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It usually is taken once a day. To help you remember to take torsemide, take it around the same time every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take torsemide exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.Torsemide controls high blood pressure and edema but does not cure these conditions. Continue to take torsemide even if you feel well. Do not stop taking torsemide without talking to your doctor.

Dosages

Adult dosage (ages 18–64 years)

For edema caused by congestive heart failure:

  • Typical starting dosage: 10 or 20 mg taken once per day.
  • Dosage increases: Your doctor may double your dosage until your fluid retention is controlled.Maximum dosage: 200 mg per day.
  • Child dosage (ages 0–17 years):This drug hasn’t been studied in children. It shouldn’t be used in children younger than 18 years.
  • Senior dosage (ages 65 years and older):There are no specific recommendations for senior dosing. Older adults may process drugs more slowly. A normal adult dosage may cause levels of this drug to be higher than normal in your body. If you’re a senior, you may need a lower dosage or a different dosing schedule.

WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS ASSOCIATED WITH USING TORSEMIDE?

Common side effects of Torsemide include:

  • Constipation
  • Cough
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty having an orgasm
  • Dizziness
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Excessive or increased urination
  • Headache
  • Impotence

Overdose

If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: fainting, severe weakness, a severe decrease in the amount of urine.

Warnings

This medication contains torsemide. Do not take Demadex if you are allergic to torsemide or any ingredients contained in this drug.Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.

Precautions

Use with caution in diabetes mellitus, fluid or electrolyte imbalance (hypokalemia, hyponatremia), hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia or gout, severe liver disease with cirrhosis and ascitesUse with caution in cirrhosis; avoid changes in fluid and electrolyte balance and acid-base status, which may lead to hepatic encephalopathyMonitor fluid status and renal function to prevent azotemia, oliguria, and reversible increases in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinineExcessive diuresis may cause potentially symptomatic dehydration, blood volume reduction and hypotension and worsening renal function, including acute renal failure particularly in salt-depleted patients or those taking renin-angiotensin aldosterone inhibitors; worsening of renal function can also occur with concomitant use of nephrotoxic drugs (e.g., aminoglycosides, cisplatin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs]); monitor volume status and renal function periodically

 

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