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Topiramate Uses

Topiramate Uses

Description

Topiramate is often sold under the brand name Topamax. It is an anti-convulsive drug that stands apart from all other drugs used to treat convulsions or mood disorders because it does not share the same chemical composition. Medical researchers currently do not know how Topiramate works.

What can topiramate be used for?

Topiramate is a medication that is sometimes used in patients with bipolar disorder (also known as manic depression). It is approved for the treatment of seizures (epilepsy) in adults and children in combination with other anticonvulsants and for preventing migraine headaches in adults.

How to use Topamax

Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start taking topiramate and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually twice daily. Swallow the tablets whole since breaking them may leave a bitter taste. To prevent kidney stones from forming, drink plenty of liquids while taking this medication unless your doctor instructs you otherwise.

Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. Your doctor will gradually increase your dose to reduce your risk of side effects. For some conditions, you may start treatment with topiramate once daily at bedtime and slowly increase your dose to twice a day. It may take several weeks or months to reach the best dose for you and to get the full benefit from this medication.

How it works?

Topiramate belongs to a class of drugs called sulfamate-substituted monosaccharide anticonvulsants or antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.

Dosages

The initial dose for Topiramate should be either 12.5 or 25 milligrams taken either once or twice a day. This dose increases by 12.5 or 12 milligrams each week until it reaches the final level, which depends on the use of the drug and how the patient is responding. A typical final dosage is between 100 and 200 mg per day, although some patients benefit from no more than 50 mg. The case of PTSD entails a final dose of approximately 175 mg per day and generally not exceeding 500 mg per day.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if you are more than 6 hours late in taking it. Wait until your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.Call your doctor for instructions if you miss two or more doses.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.Overdose symptoms may include drowsiness, agitation, depression, double vision, thinking problems, problems with speech or coordination, fainting, and seizure (convulsions).

Side Effect

  • tingling in your arms and legs
  • increased bleeding (such as nosebleeds)
  • increased bruising
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • a change in the way foods taste
  • diarrhea
  • weight loss
  • nervousness
  • upper respiratory tract infection
  • speech problems
  • tiredness

Precaution/Warning

The primary use of Topiramate, and the only use for which it has regulatory approval, is to treat seizures. Some people use Topiramate to treat other conditions, which may include PTSD, Axis II mood disorders, and eating disorders. However, no peer-reviewed studies have established that Topiramate is safe and effective for those conditions, and therefore these uses have not been approved by the FDA.

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