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Topiramate Side Effects

Topiramate Side Effects

Description

Topiramate is used alone or with other medications to treat certain types of seizures including primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures (formerly known as a grand mal seizure; seizure that involves the entire body) and partial onset seizures (seizures that involve only one part of the brain). Topiramate is also used with other medications to control seizures in people who have Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (a disorder that causes seizures and developmental delays). Topiramate is also used to prevent migraine headaches but not to relieve the pain of migraine headaches when they occur. Topiramate is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants. It works by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain.

How should this medicine be used?

Topiramate comes as a tablet, a sprinkle capsule (capsule that contains small beads of medication that can be sprinkled on food), and an extended-release (long-acting) capsule to take by mouth. The tablets and sprinkle capsules are usually taken with or without food once or twice a day. The extended-release capsules are usually taken with or without food once a day. Take topiramate at around the same time(s) every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take topiramate exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

What should I do if I forget a dose?

If you are taking topiramate tablets or sprinkle capsules, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is less than 6 hours before you are scheduled to take your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one.

Symptoms of Overdose

  • Decreased awareness or responsiveness
  • dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  • severe sleepiness
  • unusual drowsiness, dullness, tiredness, weakness, or feeling of sluggishness

What side effects can this medication cause?

Topiramate may cause other side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • numbness, burning, or tingling in the hands or feet
  • slowed reactions
  • nervousness
  • headache
  • drowsiness
  • weakness
  • uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body
  • uncontrollable eye movements
  • weight loss
  • constipation
  • heartburn
  • change in ability to taste food
  • dry mouth
  • nosebleed
  • teary or dry eyes
  • back, muscle, leg, or bone pain

Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of the following symptoms or those listed in the SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS section, call your doctor immediately:

  • blurred vision
  • loss of vision
  • double vision
  • eye pain
  • eye redness
  • worsening of seizures
  • feeling cold, chills, or low body temperature
  • difficulty concentrating
  • speech problems, especially difficulty thinking of specific words
  • confusion
  • memory problems
  • loss of coordination

 

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