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Pioglitazone

Pioglitazone

What Is Pioglitazone (Actos)?

Pioglitazone is the generic form of the prescription drug known by the brand name Actos.It's used along with diet and exercise to help lower blood sugar in people who have type 2 diabetes.

When you have type 2 diabetes, your body doesn't make or use the hormone insulin normally, so it can't control the amount of sugar, or glucose, in the blood.

Pioglitazone is in a class of drugs known as thiazolidinediones.It lowers blood-sugar levels by making the body's cells more sensitive to insulin, allowing them to take up more glucose from your blood.

Pioglitazone Warnings

 Pioglitazone carries a black-box warning because it may cause or worsen congestive heart failure.

 Before taking pioglitazone, tell your doctor about any conditions you've had that may be related to or affect the heart, such as:

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Heart disease
  • A heart attack
  • A heart defect
  • An irregular heartbeat

 Tell your doctor immediately or get emergency medical attention if you experience which may include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling of the arms, hands, feet, ankles, lower back, or lower legs
  • Stomach swelling or pain
  • Waking up during the night feeling short of breath
  • Inability to sleep while laying flat
  • Frequent dry cough or wheezing
  • Fast or racing heartbeat
  • Confusion or difficulty thinking clearly
  • Increased fatigue
  • Difficulty walking or exercising
  • Significant weight gain in a short period of time

Pioglitazone Side Effects

Common Side Effects of Pioglitazone

Tell your doctor if any of the following side effects become severe or don't go away:

  • Headache    
  • Sore throat
  • Gas
  • Muscle pain
  • Weight gain
  • Tooth problems
  • Pain in the arms or legs
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