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Pilocarpine affects the nervous system and increases saliva secretion in the mouth.Pilocarpine is used to treat dry mouth caused by Sjogren's syndrome, or by radiation to treat head and neck cancer.Pilocarpine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.You should not use pilocarpine if you have narrow-angle glaucoma, or asthma that is untreated or uncontrolled.

To make sure pilocarpine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:

  • asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or other breathing disorder;
  • glaucoma or vision problems;
  • liver disease;
  • kidney disease;
  • heart disease;
  • gallbladder problems;
  • mental illness;
  • if you take heart or blood pressure medicine; or
  • if you use a bronchodilator to treat a breathing disorder.

Pilocarpine Interactions

This medicine may cause blurred vision, especially at night or in low light. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.Avoid becoming overheated during exercise and in hot weather. Pilocarpine can increase sweating and you may be more prone to dehydration.Other drugs may interact with pilocarpine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.

Pilocarpine Dosage

Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.You may take pilocarpine with or without food.Drink plenty of liquids while you are taking pilocarpine. This medicine can cause increased sweating and you may get dehydrated easily.

Use pilocarpine regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.