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Pantoprazole

Pantoprazole

What is pantoprazole?

Pantoprazole is a proton pump inhibitor that decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach.Pantoprazole is used to treat erosive esophagitis (damage to the esophagus from stomach acid caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD) in adults and children who are at least 5 years old.Pantoprazole is usually given for up to 8 weeks at a time while your esophagus heals.Pantoprazole is also used to treat Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and other conditions involving excess stomach acid

Uses

Pantoprazole is used to treat certain stomach and esophagus problems (such as acid reflux). It works by decreasing the amount of acid your stomach makes. This medication relieves symptoms such as heartburn, difficulty swallowing, and persistent cough. It helps heal acid damage to the stomach and esophagus, helps prevent ulcers, and may help prevent cancer of the esophagus. Pantoprazole belongs to a class of drugs known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs).

Side Effects

Headache or diarrhea may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: symptoms of a low magnesium blood level (such as unusually fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, persistent muscle spasms, seizures), signs of lupus (such as rash on nose and cheeks, new or worsening joint pain).

This medication may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition (Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea) due to a type of bacteria. Do not use anti-diarrhea or opioid medications if you have any of the following symptoms because these products may make them worse. Tell your doctor right away if you develop: persistent diarrhea, abdominal or stomach pain/cramping, fever, blood/mucus in your stool.

Important warnings

Long-term use warning: Long-term use of pantoprazole can lead to an increased risk of certain side effects and complications. These include:Increased risk of bone fracture in people taking higher, multiple daily doses for more than one year.

Vitamin B-12 deficiency, which can lead to serious nerve damage and deteriorating brain functions. This has been seen in some people taking pantoprazole for longer than three years.Chronic inflammation of the stomach's lining (atrophic gastritis) when taking pantoprazole long term. People with H. pylori are particularly at risk.Low blood magnesium (hypomagnesemia), this has been seen in some people taking pantoprazole for as few as three months. More often, it occurs after a year or more of treatment.

How should I use pantoprazole?

Take pantoprazole exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed.Use the lowest dose for the shortest amount of time needed to treat your condition.

Pantoprazole is taken by mouth (oral) or given as an infusion into a vein (injection). A healthcare provider may teach you how to properly use the injection by yourself.

Pantoprazole tablets are taken by mouth, with or without food. The oral granules should be taken 30 minutes before a meal.Do not crush, chew, or break the tablet. Swallow it whole.The oral granules should be mixed with applesauce or apple juice and given either by mouth or through a nasogastric (NG) tube.Read and carefully follow any Instructions for Use provided with your medicine. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

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