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Norgestrel Ethinyl Estradiol

Norgestrel Ethinyl Estradiol


This combination hormone medication is used to prevent pregnancy. It contains 2 hormones: a progestin and an estrogen. It works mainly by preventing the release of an egg (ovulation) during your menstrual cycle. It also makes vaginal fluid thicker to help prevent sperm from reaching an egg (fertilization) and changes the lining of the uterus (womb) to prevent attachment of a fertilized egg. If a fertilized egg does not attach to the uterus, it passes out of the body.

Besides preventing pregnancy, birth control pills may make your periods more regular, decrease blood loss and painful periods, decrease your risk of ovarian cysts, and also treat acne.

Using this medication does not protect you or your partner against sexually transmitted diseases (such as HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia).

Ethinyl Estradiol-Norgestrel Interactions

Do not smoke while taking birth control pills, especially if you are older than 35 years of age.

This medication will not protect you from sexually transmitted diseases--including HIV and AIDS. Using a condom is the only way to protect yourself from these diseases.

Some drugs can make birth control pills less effective, which may result in pregnancy. Other drugs may interact with ethinyl estradiol and norgestrel, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.


Follow Manufacturer's color-coding for active versus inert tabs

Start on day 1 of menstrual cycle or Sunday following start of cycle

1 hormonally active tablet PO for 21 days, then 7 tablet-free days (or inert tablets as supplied); repeat cycle

Birth control pills side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using ethinyl estradiol and norgestrel and call your doctor at once if you have:

signs of a stroke--sudden numbness or weakness (especially on one side of the body), sudden severe headache, slurred speech, problems with vision or balance;

signs of a blood clot--sudden vision loss, stabbing chest pain, feeling short of breath, coughing up blood, pain or warmth in one or both legs;

heart attack symptoms--chest pain or pressure, pain spreading to your jaw or shoulder, nausea, sweating;

liver problems--loss of appetite, upper stomach pain, tiredness, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);

increased blood pressure--severe headache, blurred vision, pounding in your neck or ears;

swelling in your hands, ankles, or feet;

a change in the pattern or severity of migraine headaches;

a breast lump; or

symptoms of depression--sleep problems, weakness, tired feeling, mood changes.