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Metformin Hcl 500 Mg Para Que Sirve

Metformin Hcl 500 Mg Para Que Sirve

What is metformin?

Metformin is a prescription drug. It comes as an oral tablet and an oral solution.

Metformin oral tablet comes in two forms: immediate-release and extended-release. The immediate-release tablet is available as the brand-name drug Glucophage. The extended-release tablet is available as the brand-name drugs Glucophage XR, Fortamet, and Glumetza.

Both tablet forms are also available as generic drugs. Generics usually cost less than brand-name versions. In some cases, they may not be available in all strengths or forms as brand-name drugs.

Metformin Dosage

Take metformin exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

The recommended starting dose of metformin is 500 mg twice daily or 850 mg once a day (in people 17 and older), given with meals. The maximum recommended daily dose is 2000 mg in children (10 to 16 years of age) and 2550 mg in adults. The dosage should be increased slowly to avoid side effects.

Why it’s used

Metformin oral tablets are used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes. They’re used in combination with diet and exercise.

This drug may be used as part of a combination therapy. That means you may need to take it with other drugs.

benefits of metformin

The main function of metformin is to reduce the production of glucose in the liver, helps the muscle tissue to make better use of glucose, as well as the effect of the insulin produced in the body.

In addition, other benefits of this drug have been discovered that are not necessarily linked to diabetes , although it does have problems such as obesity: it helps reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels , as well as regulate appetite and in some cases it helps to lower weight.

side effects of metformin

Some of the side effects, perhaps more common since they affect one in ten people who take it, are nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain and loss of appetite . Another less common effect affects one out of every hundred people, it is a variability in the sense of taste, usually to metal.


Metformin can rarely cause a serious, life-threatening condition called lactic acidosis. Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease. Your doctor may tell you not to take metformin. Also, tell your doctor if you are over 65 and if you have or have had a heart attack, stroke, diabetic ketoacidosis (blood sugar that is high enough to cause serious symptoms and requires emergency medical treatment) or coma, or disease cardiac or hepatic Taking certain other medicines with metformin may increase the risk of lactic acidosis.

If you are having surgery, including dental surgery, or any major medical procedure, tell your doctor that you are taking metformin. Tell your doctor also if you plan to have any x-ray procedure in which a contrast substance is injected, particularly if you drink or have ever drunk large amounts of alcohol, have or have ever had liver disease or heart failure . You may have to stop taking metformin before the procedure and wait 48 hours to restart the treatment. Your doctor will tell you exactly when you should stop taking metformin and when you should start taking it again.

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