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Metformin Hcl 1000 Mg Tablet

Metformin Hcl 1000 Mg Tablet

What is metformin?

Metformin is a prescription drug. It comes as an oral tablet and an oral solution.

Metformin oral tablet comes in two forms: immediate-release and extended-release. The immediate-release tablet is available as the brand-name drug Glucophage. The extended-release tablet is available as the brand-name drugs Glucophage XR, Fortamet, and Glumetza.

Both tablet forms are also available as generic drugs. Generics usually cost less than brand-name versions. In some cases, they may not be available in all strengths or forms as brand-name drugs.

Why it’s used

Metformin oral tablets are used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes. They’re used in combination with diet and exercise.

This drug may be used as part of a combination therapy. That means you may need to take it with other drugs.

Side Effects of Metformin

Lactic Acidosis. In rare cases, metformin can cause a serious side effect called lactic acidosis. This is caused by a buildup of lactic acid in your blood. This build-up can cause serious damage. Lactic acidosis caused by metformin is rare and has occurred mostly in people whose kidneys were not working normally. Lactic acidosis has been reported in about one in 33,000 patients taking metformin over the course of a year. Although rare, if lactic acidosis does occur, it can be fatal in up to half the people who develop it.

It is also important for your liver to be working normally when you take metformin. Your liver helps remove lactic acid from your blood.

Make sure you tell your doctor before you use metformin if you have kidney or liver problems. You should also stop using metformin and call your doctor right away if you have signs of lactic acidosis. Lactic acidosis is a medical emergency that must be treated in a hospital.

How it works

Metformin belongs to a class of drugs called biguanides. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.

Metformin works by:

  • reducing the amount of glucose (sugar) made by your liver
  • decreasing the amount of glucose your body absorbs
  • increasing the effect of insulin on your body

Insulin is a hormone that helps your body remove extra sugar from your blood. This lowers your blood sugar levels.

Warning

Metformin can rarely cause a serious, life-threatening condition called lactic acidosis. Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease. Your doctor may tell you not to take metformin. Also, tell your doctor if you are over 65 and if you have or have had a heart attack, stroke, diabetic ketoacidosis (blood sugar that is high enough to cause serious symptoms and requires emergency medical treatment) or coma, or disease cardiac or hepatic Taking certain other medicines with metformin may increase the risk of lactic acidosis.

If you are having surgery, including dental surgery, or any major medical procedure, tell your doctor that you are taking metformin. Tell your doctor also if you plan to have any x-ray procedure in which a contrast substance is injected, particularly if you drink or have ever drunk large amounts of alcohol, have or have ever had liver disease or heart failure .

You may have to stop taking metformin before the procedure and wait 48 hours to restart the treatment. Your doctor will tell you exactly when you should stop taking metformin and when you should start taking it again.

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