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Metformin Hcl 1000

Metformin Hcl 1000

Introduction

Metformin is a prescription drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a class of medications called biguanides. People with type 2 diabetes have blood sugar (glucose) levels that rise higher than normal. Metformin doesn’t cure diabetes. Instead, it helps lower your blood sugar levels to a safe range.

Metformin needs to be taken long-term. This may make you wonder what side effects it can cause. Metformin can cause mild and serious side effects, which are the same in men and women. Here’s what you need to know about these side effects and when you should call your doctor.

Metformin Dosage

Take metformin exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully.

The recommended starting dose of metformin is 500 mg twice daily or 850 mg once a day (in people 17 and older), given with meals. The maximum recommended daily dose is 2000 mg in children (10 to 16 years of age) and 2550 mg in adults. The dosage should be increased slowly to avoid side effects.

side effects

Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent.

The side effects listed below are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.

The following side effects have been reported by at least 1% of people taking this medication. Many of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time.

Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.

  • diarrhea
  • loss of appetite
  • metallic taste in mouth
  • nausea
  • passing of gas
  • stomach ache
  • vomiting
  • weight loss

Precautions

Several factors raise your risk of lactic acidosis while you take metformin. If any of these factors affect you, be sure to discuss them with your doctor before taking this drug.

Kidney problems

Your kidneys remove metformin from your body. If your kidneys don’t work well, you’ll have higher levels of metformin in your system. This raises your risk of lactic acidosis.

Heart problems

If you have acute heart failure or have recently had a heart attack, you should not take metformin. Your heart may not send enough blood to your kidneys. This would prevent your kidneys from removing metformin from your body as well as they normally would, raising your risk of lactic acidosis.

Liver problems

You should not take metformin if you have severe liver problems. Your liver clears lactic acid from your body. Therefore, severe liver problems could lead to a buildup of lactic acid. Lactic acid buildup raises your risk of lactic acidosis. Metformin also raises your risk, so taking it if you have liver problems is dangerous.

Alcohol use

Drinking alcohol while taking metformin raises your risk of hypoglycemia. It also raises your risk of lactic acidosis. This is because it increases lactic acid levels in your body.

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