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Meloxicam

Meloxicam

Uses

Meloxicam is used to treat arthritis. It reduces pain, swelling, and stiffness of the joints. Meloxicam is known as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

If you are treating a chronic condition such as arthritis, ask your doctor about non-drug treatments and/or using other medications to treat your pain. See also Warning section.

How to use Meloxicam

Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start taking meloxicam and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually once daily. Drink a full glass of water (8 ounces/240 milliliters) with it unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking this drug.

If you are taking the liquid form of this medication, shake the bottle gently before each dose. Carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.

If stomach upset occurs while taking this medication, take it with food, milk, or an antacid. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. The lowest effective dosage should always be used, and only for the prescribed length of time. Do not take more of this medication than prescribed because higher doses increase the chance of stomach ulcers/bleeding.

The capsule form of meloxicam delivers different amounts of medication than the tablet and solution forms. Do not switch between the capsule and other forms of meloxicam without your doctor's permission and directions.

How Does Meloxicam Work?

NSAIDs in general work by reducing the body’s inflammation response, which is part of what causes pain from injury or illness. By reducing inflammation, pain, fever, and other symptoms are reduced enough for the person to function at a normal level.

Meloxicam blocks the enzymes that create prostaglandins, which are lipids involved in the body’s response to perceived injury, leading to inflammation and blood clotting around the wound site. Problems with prostaglandin production can lead to chronic pain issues like arthritis.

Why it’s used

Meloxicam decreases inflammation and pain. It’s approved to treat:

  • osteoarthritis
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in children aged 2 years or older

How it works

Meloxicam belongs to a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs help reduce pain, inflammation, and fever.

It isn’t known how this medication works to decrease pain. It may help reduce swelling by lowering levels of prostaglandin, a hormone-like substance that usually causes inflammation.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What side effects can this medication cause?

Meloxicam may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • gas
  • sore throat
  • fever
  • blisters
  • rash
  • skin blisters or peeling
  • hives
  • itching
  • swelling of the eyes, face, tongue, lips, or throat
  • difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • hoarseness
  • pale skin
  • fast heartbeat

Warning

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (including meloxicam) may rarely increase the risk of a heart attack or stroke. This effect can happen at any time while taking this drug but is more likely if you take it for a long time. The risk may be greater if you have heart disease or increased risk for heart disease (for example, due to smoking, family history of heart disease, or conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes). Do not take this drug right before or after heart bypass surgery (CABG).Also, this drug may rarely cause serious (rarely fatal) bleeding from the stomach or intestines. This effect can occur without warning symptoms at any time while taking this drug. Older adults may be at higher risk for this effect. (See also Precautions and Drug Interactions sections.)Stop taking meloxicam and get medical help right away if you notice any of the following rare but serious side effects: bloody or black/tarry stools, persistent stomach/abdominal pain, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, chest/jaw/left arm pain, shortness of breath, unusual sweating, weakness on one side of the body, sudden vision changes, slurred speech.Talk with your doctor or pharmacist about the risks and benefits of treatment with this medication.

 

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