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Itraconazole Cream

itraconazole cream

What Is Itraconazole?

Itraconazole is an antifungal medication that fights infections caused by fungus.

Itraconazole is used to treat infections caused by fungus, which can invade any part of the body including the lungs, mouth or throat, toenails, or fingernails.

Itraconazole may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

You should not take this medicine if you have ever had congestive heart failure.

Many drugs can interact with itraconazole, and some drugs should not be used together. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all medicines you use, and those you start or stop using during your treatment with itraconazole.

Life-threatening side effects may occur if you take itraconazole with cisapride, dihydroergotamine, disopyramide, dofetilide, dronedarone, eplerenone, ergonovine, ergotamine, felodipine, irinotecan, ivabradine, lurasidone, lovastatin, methadone, methylergonovine, oral midazolam, nisoldipine, pimozide, quinidine, ranolazine, simvastatin, ticagrelor, or triazolam.

If you have liver or kidney disease, you should not take itraconazole with colchicine, fesoterodine, solifenacin, or telithromycin.

You should not take itraconazole to treat a toenail or fingernail infection if you are pregnant or may become pregnant during treatment.

You should not take this medicine if you are allergic to itraconazole or similar medicines such as fluconazole or ketoconazole, or if you have ever had congestive heart failure.

You should not take itraconazole to treat a toenail or fingernail infection if you are pregnant or may become pregnant during treatment.

Itraconazole Side Effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives, severe skin rash, tingling in your arms or legs; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop taking itraconazole and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • confusion, a light-headed feeling (like you might pass out);
  • blurred vision, double vision, ringing in your ears, problems with hearing;
  • fast heartbeats;
  • numbness or tingly feeling, loss of bladder control;
  • severe pain in your upper stomach spreading to your back, nausea and vomiting;
  • little or no urinating, pain or burning when you urinate;
  • signs of congestive heart failure--shortness of breath (even with mild exertion), cough with mucus, fast heartbeats, swelling, rapid weight gain, sleep problems; or
  • liver problems--nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, tired feeling, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Common side effects may include:

  • headache, dizziness;
  • nausea, vomiting, upset stomach, constipation;
  • fever, muscle aches;
  • impotence, erection problems; or
  • changes in your menstrual periods.

Before taking itraconazole

Some medicines are not suitable for people with certain conditions, and sometimes a medicine may only be used if extra care is taken. For these reasons, before you start taking itraconazole it is important that your doctor knows:

  • If you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • If you have liver or kidney problems.
  • If you have any heart or lung problems.
  • If you have a rare inherited blood disorder called porphyria.
  • If you have ever had an allergic reaction to a medicine.
  • If you are taking any other medicines. This includes any medicines you are taking which are available to buy without a prescription, as well as herbal and complementary medicines.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Itraconazole capsules are used to treat fungal infections in the lungs that can spread throughout the body. Itraconazole capsules are also used to treat fungal infections of the fingernails. Itraconazole tablets and capsules are used to treat fungal infections of the toenails. Itraconazole oral solution (liquid) is used to treat yeast infections of the mouth and throat or of the esophagus (tube that connects the throat to the stomach). Itraconazole is in a class of antifungals called triazoles. It works by slowing the growth of fungi that cause infection.

How should this medicine be used?

Itraconazole comes as a capsule, a tablet, and a solution (liquid) to take by mouth. If you are taking itraconazole to treat fungal infections in the lungs, the capsules are usually taken during or right after a full meal one or two times a day for at least 3 months. However, if you are taking itraconazole to treat a serious fungal infection in the lungs, the capsules may be taken with a meal three times a day for the first 3 days of treatment and then taken once or twice a day with a meal for at least 3 months. If you are taking itraconazole to treat fungal infections of the toenails (including or without fingernail infections), the capsules or tablets are usually taken once a day with a full meal for 12 weeks. If you are taking itraconazole to treat fungal infections of the fingernails only, the capsules are usually taken twice a day with a full meal for 1 week, skipped for 3 weeks, and then taken twice a day with a meal for a week. Itraconazole oral solution is usually taken on an empty stomach once or twice a day for 1 to 4 weeks or sometimes longer. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take itraconazole exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Swallow itraconazole capsules whole; do not open, chew, or crush them.

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