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Itraconazole 100Mg

itraconazole 100mg

What is itraconazole?

Itraconazole is an antifungal prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of certain fungal infections, including histoplasmosis (also known as Histoplasma capsulatum infection), esophageal candidiasis, oropharyngeal candidiasis, and others.

Esophageal candidiasis (infection of the esophagus) and oropharyngeal candidiasis (infection of part of the throat) are types of mucocutaneous candidiasis (also called mucosal candidiasis). Mucocutaneous candidiasis and histoplasmosis are both opportunistic infections (OIs) of HIV. An OI is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems—such as people with HIV—than in people with healthy immune systems.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Itraconazole capsules are used to treat fungal infections in the lungs that can spread throughout the body. Itraconazole capsules are also used to treat fungal infections of the fingernails. Itraconazole tablets and capsules are used to treat fungal infections of the toenails. Itraconazole oral solution (liquid) is used to treat yeast infections of the mouth and throat or of the esophagus (tube that connects the throat to the stomach). Itraconazole is in a class of antifungals called triazoles. It works by slowing the growth of fungi that cause infection.

Side effects

  • Convulsions
  • Dry mouth
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Increased thirst
  • Abdominal pain
  • Decreased urine output
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Nervousness
  • Weight gain
  • Decreased interest in sexual intercourse
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Acid or sour stomach
  • Heartburn

How should this medicine be used?

Itraconazole comes as a capsule, a tablet, and a solution (liquid) to take by mouth. If you are taking itraconazole to treat fungal infections in the lungs, the capsules are usually taken during or right after a full meal one or two times a day for at least 3 months. However, if you are taking itraconazole to treat a serious fungal infection in the lungs, the capsules may be taken with a meal three times a day for the first 3 days of treatment and then taken once or twice a day with a meal for at least 3 months. If you are taking itraconazole to treat fungal infections of the toenails (including or without fingernail infections), the capsules or tablets are usually taken once a day with a full meal for 12 weeks. If you are taking itraconazole to treat fungal infections of the fingernails only, the capsules are usually taken twice a day with a full meal for 1 week, skipped for 3 weeks, and then taken twice a day with a meal for a week. Itraconazole oral solution is usually taken on an empty stomach once or twice a day for 1 to 4 weeks or sometimes longer. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take itraconazole exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Swallow itraconazole capsules whole; do not open, chew, or crush them.

What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take Itraconazole Tablets?

For all uses of this medicine (itraconazole tablets):

If you have an allergy to itraconazole or any other part of this medicine (itraconazole tablets).

If you are allergic to any drugs like this one, any other drugs, foods, or other substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had, like rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.

Nail fungal infections:

If you are pregnant or may be pregnant. Do not take this medicine (itraconazole tablets) if you are pregnant.

This medicine may interact with other drugs or health problems.

Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take this medicine (itraconazole tablets) with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.

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