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Isotretinoin Side Effects

isotretinoin side effects

Uses

This medication is used to treat severe cystic acne (also known as nodular acne) that has not responded to other treatment (e.g., benzoyl peroxide or clindamycin applied to the skin or tetracycline or minocycline taken by mouth). It belongs to a class of drugs known as retinoids. It works by decreasing facial oil (sebum) production. High amounts of sebum can lead to severe acne. If left untreated, severe acne may cause permanent scarring.

side effects

If experienced, these tend to have a Severe expression

  • Eye Irritation
  • Joint Pain
  • Nosebleed
  • Rash
  • Skin Infection
  • Tenderness Of The Bones
  • Abnormal Peeling Of Skin
  • Acute Infection Of The Nose, Throat Or Sinus
  • Chapped Lips
  • Decrease In The Sharpness Of Vision
  • Dry Eye
  • Dry Mouth
  • Dry Skin
  • Dryness Of The Nose
  • Hair Loss
  • Head Pain
  • Inflammation Of The Lips
  • Low Energy
  • Muscle Or Bone Pain
  • Skin Inflammation
  • Sun-Sensitive Skin
  • Throat Irritation

Skin rash

Although rare, a rash caused by isotretinoin can be serious. Stop using isotretinoin and call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • conjunctivitis (pink eye)
  • a rash with fever
  • blisters on your arms, legs, or face
  • peeling skin
  • sores in your mouth, throat, nose, or eyes (on the lid or the eye itself)

Organ damage

Isotretinoin can damage your internal organs. These organs include your liver, pancreas, intestines, and esophagus (the tube connecting your mouth and stomach). The damage may not get better even after you stop taking isotretinoin.

This side effect is rare. Still, stop taking isotretinoin and call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • severe pain in your stomach, chest, or lower abdomen
  • trouble swallowing or pain during swallowing
  • new or worsening heartburn
  • diarrhea
  • bleeding from your rectum
  • yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes
  • dark urine

Hearing problems

Isotretinoin can cause serious hearing problems in rare cases. Stop using isotretinoin and call your doctor right away if your hearing gets worse or if you have ringing in your ears. Any hearing loss may be permanent.

Vision and eye problems

Isotretinoin can cause vision problems such as blurry vision, double vision, and tunnel vision. This drug can also reduce your ability to see in the dark. Vision problems may fix themselves after you stop taking the drug or the damage may be permanent.

Isotretinoin can cause your eyes to produce more tears than normal. If you wear contact lenses, you may have trouble wearing them while taking isotretinoin. Like the other vision problems, this problem may go away after your stop treatment or it may be permanent.

All of these vision and eye problems are rare. Nevertheless, stop taking isotretinoin and call your doctor right away if you have problems with your vision, an increased amount of tears, or painful or constant eye dryness.

Allergic reactions

Isotretinoin can cause serious allergic reactions in rare cases. Stop taking isotretinoin and call your doctor if you have a rash, red patches, or bruises on your legs or a fever. If you have any of the following symptoms, stop taking isotretinoin and call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room:

  • hives
  • swelling in your face or mouth
  • trouble breathing

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