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Is Ranitidine Safe In Pregnancy

is ranitidine safe in pregnancy

Uses of Ranitidine

Ranitidine is used to treat:

  • heartburn, acid indigestion, and sour or upset stomach (over the counter)
  • ulcers
  • gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and erosive esophagitis.  Both of these conditions result from stomach acid damaging the esophagus.
  • conditions in which the stomach makes too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How pregnancy leads to heartburn

During pregnancy, your body makes more of the hormone progesterone. This hormone may relax the valve between your stomach and esophagus. Most of the time, the valve stays closed to keep acid in your stomach. But when it’s relaxed, such as in pregnancy, the valve may open and allow stomach acid to go into your esophagus. This leads to irritations and symptoms of heartburn.

What’s more, as your uterus expands, it puts pressure on your digestive tract. This may also send stomach acid into your esophagus.

Zantac side effects and interactions

Most people tolerate Zantac well. But the medication can cause some unwanted side effects. Some of the common side effects from Zantac can also be caused by pregnancy. These include:

  • headache
  • drowsiness
  • diarrhea
  • constipation

Zantac may also cause dizziness. This side effect is dangerous because it may cause you to fall, which can be especially worrisome during pregnancy. Tell your doctor if you have any dizziness.

Rarely, Zantac may cause serious side effects. This includes low platelet levels. Platelets are needed for your blood to clot. Your platelet levels will return to normal, though, once you stop taking the medication.

Symptoms of indigestion and heartburn

Symptoms of indigestion and heartburn include:

  • a burning sensation or pain in the chest
  • feeling full, heavy or bloated
  • burping or belching
  • feeling or being sick
  • bringing up food

Symptoms usually come on soon after eating or drinking, but there can sometimes be a delay between eating and developing indigestion.

You can get symptoms at any point during your pregnancy, but they are more common from 27 weeks onwards.

Talk to your doctor

If you’re dealing with heartburn during pregnancy, ask your doctor these questions:

If Zantac is bringing me relief, for how long is it safe to take?

Remember, if you’re still suffering from heartburn after using Zantac for two weeks, tell your doctor. Another health issue could be to blame. Tell your doctor right away if you also have:

  • trouble or pain while swallowing food
  • vomiting with blood
  • bloody or black stools
  • heartburn symptoms for longer than three months

These may be signs of a serious condition, such as an ulcer or serious stomach problems.

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