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Ic Ranitidine

ic ranitidine

What is ranitidine?

Ranitidine is a drug that’s available in a prescription version and an over-the-counter version. This article only addresses the prescription version. Prescription ranitidine comes as an oral tablet, oral capsule, or oral syrup. It also comes as an injectable solution.

Ranitidine oral tablet is available as the brand-name drug Zantac. It’s also available as a generic drug. Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. In some cases, they may not be available in all strengths or forms as the brand-name drug.

Important information

Using ranitidine may increase your risk of developing pneumonia. Symptoms of pneumonia include chest pain, fever, feeling short of breath, and coughing up green or yellow mucus. Talk with your doctor about your specific risk of developing pneumonia.

Do not use this medication if you are allergic to ranitidine.

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to take this medicine if you have kidney disease, liver disease, or porphyria.

Heartburn is often confused with the first symptoms of a heart attack. Seek emergency medical attention if you have chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, nausea, sweating, and a general ill feeling.

Ranitidine granules and effervescent tablets must be dissolved in water before you take them. Your doctor may recommend an antacid to help relieve pain. Carefully follow your doctor's directions about the type of antacid to use, and when to use it. Avoid drinking alcohol. It can increase the risk of damage to your stomach. It may take up to 8 weeks of using this medicine before your ulcer heals. For best results, keep using the medication as directed. Talk with your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 6 weeks of treatment.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Ranitidine is used to treat ulcers; gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and injury of the food pipe (esophagus); and conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Over-the-counter ranitidine is used to prevent and treat symptoms of heartburn associated with acid indigestion and sour stomach. Ranitidine is in a class of medications called H2 blockers. It decreases the amount of acid made in the stomach.

Side Effects

Headache, constipation or diarrhea may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: blurred vision, mental/mood changes (e.g., agitation, confusion, depression, hallucinations), easy bleeding/bruising, enlarged breasts, severe tiredness, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, signs of infection (such as sore throat that doesn't go away, fever, chills), severe stomach/abdominal pain, dark urine, yellowing skin/eyes.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

Warnings for special population

Pregnancy - This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.

Breast-feeding - This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. All the risks and benefits should be discussed with the doctor before taking this medicine.

General warnings

Pneumonia - Use of this medicine may increase the risk of developing pneumonia. Symptoms like chest pain. fever. difficulty in breathing and presence of green or yellow mucus with a cough is to be reported to the doctor on priority.

Chronic heartburn - If you have a chronic heartburn (more than 3 months) or your heartburn continues or worsens, consult your doctor immediately since this may be a sign of a more serious condition. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required in such cases based on the clinical condition.

Vitamin deficiency - This medicine can interfere with the absorption of Vitamin B12 upon prolonged usage. Your doctor may prescribe appropriate supplementation or may suggest appropriate changes in your diet based on your clinical condition.

Kidney disease - This medicine should be used with caution in patients with kidney diseases due to the increased risk of severe adverse effects. Appropriate dose adjustments and close monitoring of renal function may be required based on the clinical condition.

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