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Hcg Levels In Early Pregnancy

Hcg Levels In Early Pregnancy

What is hCG?

hCG, or human chorionic gonadotropin, is one of the major pregnancy hormones. Once implantation occurs, the placenta begins to form and secrete hCG. hCG levels rise and send a signal to the corpus luteum to keep producing progesterone, which in turn maintains the uterine lining (instead of shedding it and getting your period) and supports the developing embryo. For this reason, this hCG signal is sometimes called the “rescue of the corpus luteum.”

What’s a normal hCG rising pattern?

After implantation occurs, hCG levels will double approximately every 48-72 hours. hCG levels will peak within the first 8-11 weeks of pregnancy, and then will begin dropping off from there and plateau for the remainder of pregnancy.

It’s important to know that the actual value of hCG levels isn’t as important as the pattern of hCG levels doubling every 48-72 hours. If you’ve experienced recurrent miscarriages or are a high-risk pregnancy, then your doctor may recommend a serial beta hCG test by testing your blood several times for hCG levels to see how quickly this hormone is being produced. However, unless there are signs of potential problems, hCG levels won’t be regularly checked after confirming you’re pregnant.

Low hCG levels in early or late pregnancy

thoughtful pregnant woman in the window low hcg levels

Levels of hCG tend to decrease in the later stages of pregnancy.

Levels of hCG typically increase in the first trimester of a healthy pregnancy.

Levels of hCG usually increase during the first trimester, peak by weeks 8 to 11, and then decline to a steady level in the later stages of the pregnancy.

This means that as the pregnancy develops, hCG becomes less useful as a way to monitor it. When hCG levels do not increase or decrease as they should, it may be a sign of a problem with the pregnancy.

How hCG Is Measured

Following conception, hCG can be detected in the blood as early as day 11 using a test known as the quantitative serial beta-hCG assay, which measures the volume of hCG in a milliliter of blood. A single hCG test may be used to see if levels are within the normal range expected at that point in pregnancy.

In order to see how quickly hCG is doubling, serial hCG measurements are done. Quantitative hCG blood tests are drawn two to three days apart in line with expected rates of increase. By and large, serial testing provides more useful information than a single hCG level when evaluating a pregnancy.

Increase Of hCG In Early Pregnancy

hCG usually doubles every 48-72 hours very early in pregnancy and every 3-4 days later on until about 9-10 weeks of the pregnancy when it levels off. There is no single "normal" hCG level during early pregnancy and there are wide ranges of normal levels which you can check with our hCG calculator.

Confirming pregnancy

After you conceive (when the sperm fertilises the egg), the developing placenta begins to produce and release hCG.

It takes about 2 weeks for your hCG levels to be high enough to be detected in your urine using a home pregnancy test.

A positive home test result is almost certainly correct, but a negative result is less reliable.

If you do a pregnancy test on the first day of your missed period, and it’s negative, wait about a week. If you still think you might be pregnant, do the test again or see your doctor.

hCG levels chart during pregnancy

Generally a woman’s hCG levels double every 72 hours. hCG levels reach their peak in the first 8-11 weeks or pregnancy and then they will tend to level off for the next two trimesters. This is why in the first trimester (3 months) of pregnancy symptoms can be so much stronger and intense.

hCG levels can vary between individual women and whether they are carrying more than one embryo. How she as an individual responds to pregnancy and how her body reacts is entirely unique

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