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Hcg Levels At 5 Weeks Pregnant

Hcg Levels At 5 Weeks Pregnant

What Are Normal hCG Levels in Early Pregnancy?

Human chorionic gonadotropin, or hCG, is a hormone produced during pregnancy in the cells of the placenta. Especially in early pregnancy, the amount of hCG present in the mother's body rises rapidly. In fact, it is the hormone detected in the urine by at-home pregnancy tests.

It is also found in the blood as early as 11 days after conception, and when a physician wants to confirm a woman's pregnancy, he or she will often order one or more quantitative hCG blood tests. The test identifies the amount of hCG in the mother's blood, expressed as an amount by milli-international units of hCG hormone per milliliter of blood (mIU/ml).

Typical hCG Results

While there is a wide variation in hCG levels, the American Pregnancy Association cites ranges of hCG typical of most pregnancies, based on the number of weeks from the woman’s last menstrual period.

  • 3 weeks: 5 - 50 mIU/ml
  • 4 weeks: 5 - 426 mIU/ml
  • 5 weeks: 18 - 7,340 mIU/ml

What Is hCG Human Chorionic Gonadotropin?

hCG stands for "Human Chorionic Gonadotropin," the pregnancy hormone, which is produced by the placenta and which is detected in the blood within a few days after implantation. When you test at home with a pregnancy test, you actually test for the presence of hCG in the urine. If hCG is present, then the pregnancy test will be positive, and that means you are pregnant unless there is a false positive pregnancy test.

Increase Of hCG In Early Pregnancy

hCG usually doubles every 48-72 hours very early in pregnancy and every 3-4 days later on until about 9-10 weeks of the pregnancy when it levels off. There is no single "normal" hCG level during early pregnancy and there are wide ranges of normal levels which you can check with our hCG calculator.

Normal hCG Values In Pregnancy

Blood hCG under 5 mIU/ml: Negative. Not pregnant Blood hCG between 5-25 mIU/ml: "Equivocal". Maybe pregnant maybe not. Repeat test in a couple of days Blood hCG over 25 mIU/ml: You are pregnant!  One single hCG reading is not enough to make a clear diagnosis. Several hCG tests days apart give a more accurate assessment of the situation. The blood hCG levels should not be used to date a pregnancy since these numbers can vary so widely. For postmenopausal women, an hCG level up to 14 mIU/ml can be considered normal.

Early hCG Levels

In most normal pregnancies, at hCG levels below 1,200 mIU/ml, the hCG level usually doubles every 48-72 hours and normally increases by at least 60% every two days.

  • In early pregnancy, a 48-hour increase of hCG by 35% can still be considered normal.
  • As your pregnancy progresses, the hCG level increase slows down significantly.
  • Between 1,200 and 6,000 mIU/ml serum, the hCG level usually takes 72-96 hours to double.
  • Above 6,000 mIU/ml, the hCG level often takes over four or more days to double.
  • In general, when the HCG level reaches 7200 mIU/ml, a yolk sac should be seen.
  • At an HCG level greater than 10,800 mIU/ml, there should be a visible embryo with a heartbeat.

It makes little sense to follow the hCG values above 6,000 mIU/ml as the increase is normally slower and not related to how well the pregnancy is doing. After 10-12 weeks, the hCG level increase will slow even further and eventually will even decline before reaching a plateau for the duration of the pregnancy.

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