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Hcg Levels 8 Weeks

Hcg Levels 8 Weeks

What is an hCG test?

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a hormone produced by your placenta once an embryo implants in the uterus. The purpose of the hormone is to tell your body to continue to produce progesterone, which prevents menstruation from occurring. This protects the endometrial uterine lining and your pregnancy.

A pregnancy test can detect hCG in your urine if your levels are high enough. This is how the test identifies that you are pregnant. But only a blood test can give you a precise numerical hCG reading.

Standard hCG levels

Standard hCG levels vary quite massively from woman to woman. This is because hCG levels really depend on what is normal for you, how your body responds to pregnancy, as well as how many embryos you are carrying. The way a woman’s body reacts to pregnancy is entirely unique. The table below gives you a guideline as to the normal wide range of hCG levels in each week of pregnancy. hCG levels are measured in milli-international units of hCG hormone per milliliter of blood (mIU/mL).

hCG levels usually consistently rise until around week 10–12 of your pregnancy, when the levels plateau or even decrease. This is the reason why pregnancy symptoms can be greater in the first trimester and ease off after this time for many women. In early pregnancy, hCG levels usually double every two to three days. Interestingly, when the measurements start off high they don’t expand at the same rate. If they start off more slowly, the increase ends up happening much quicker.

Causes of low hCG levels

If your hCG levels fall below the normal range, it’s not necessarily a cause for concern. Many women have gone on to have healthy pregnancies and babies with low hCG levels. Most women don’t ever have cause to find out what their hCG levels are specifically.

Typical hCG Results

While there is a wide variation in hCG levels, the American Pregnancy Association cites ranges of hCG typical of most pregnancies, based on the number of weeks from the woman’s last menstrual period.

  • 3 weeks: 5 - 50 mIU/ml
  • 4 weeks: 5 - 426 mIU/ml
  • 5 weeks: 18 - 7,340 mIU/ml
  • 6 weeks: 1,080 - 56,500 mIU/ml
  • 7 - 8 weeks: 7, 650 - 229,000 mIU/ml
  • 9 - 12 weeks: 25,700 - 288,000 mIU/ml
  • 13 - 16 weeks: 13,300 - 254,000 mIU/ml
  • 17 - 24 weeks: 4,060 - 165,400 mIU/ml
  • 25 - 40 weeks: 3,640 - 117,000 mIU/ml
  • Non-pregnant women: <5.0 mIU/ml
  • Postmenopausal women: <9.5 mIU/ml

What is hCG and what does it do?

First off, it’s important to understand how pregnancy tests work and what they measure. When you take a pregnancy test, either by blood or urine, it either measures how much hCG is present or whether hCG is present at all. False positives are pretty rare, so elevated hCG levels are a good bet for pregnancy, with some exception. As soon as 10 days after conception, a woman will start to produce hCG via the placenta. hCG helps with the secretion of progesterone during the first trimester, which strengthens the uterus with a lining of blood vessels and capillaries able to support a fetus.

What is the beta-hCG test for pregnancy?

Depending on what type of pregnancy test you take, it’ll have a different name. The beta-hCG test is one name for a quantitative blood test — how much hCG is in your blood - and is done to confirm pregnancy, determine the age of the fetus, and screen for Down syndrome. It also can diagnose an ectopic pregnancy or early miscarriage.

  • quantitative serial beta-hCG test
  • repeat quantitative beta-hCG test
  • quantitative blood pregnancy test

What are normal hCG levels?

According to the American Pregnancy Association, it can be difficult to attach a number to “normal.” When women are not pregnant, however, their hCG levels will be under 5 mIU/mL — anything above 25 mIU/mL is considered positive for pregnancy. hCG numbers can vary pretty widely, otherwise, with some increasing much faster and others tapering off more quickly. However, here are some general hCG readings based on gestation, with how many weeks have passed since your last missed period (LMP).

Can your hCG levels fluctuate in early pregnancy?

Yes, absolutely. While hCG levels can be an indicator of a healthy pregnancy, low levels do not necessarily indicate an unhealthy pregnancy, and should be rechecked every 48-72 hours. An ultrasound is going to be your best test for determining the development of baby after 5-6 weeks gestation.

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