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Hcg Injection

hcg injection

Why Do I Need HCG Shots During Fertility Treatment?

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) is a hormone secreted early in pregnancy by specialized cells called trophoblasts and later by the placenta. It helps maintain high levels of progesterone which is critical for the success of the pregnancy. hCG is also the hormone detected by urine and blood pregnancy tests.

HCG in Fertility Treatments

Because hCG is similar in structure to LH, an injection of hCG when there is a mature egg follicle in the ovary can cause the egg to mature and be released. The medication can be used alone, in an ovulation induction cycle as with intrauterine insemination or during in vitro fertilization. hCG will cause ovulation approximately 36 hours after you take it, allowing your doctor to better time intrauterine insemination or the egg retrieval.

Many brands and forms of hCG are available. Your doctor will prescribe the one most appropriate for you. Injections can be given either subcutaneously or intramuscularly, depending on the brand.

What is this medicine?

HUMAN CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN (HYOO muhnkoree ON ikgoe NAD oh troe pin) is a hormone. HCG is used for different reasons in men and women. HCG is used in combination with other fertility drugs to increase a woman's chance of pregnancy. In men or adolescent boys, HCG helps the production of testosterone and sperm. HCG is also used in male children with cryptorchidism, a specific birth problem of the testes.

How should I use this medicine?

This medicine is either injected in a muscle, like the thigh or buttocks, or it may be given under the skin instead. Ask your doctor which way is right for you. You will be taught how to prepare and give this medicine. Use exactly as directed. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.

It is important that you put your used needles and syringes in a special sharps container. Do not put them in a trash can. If you do not have a sharps container, call your pharmacist or healthcare provider to get one.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for male children as young as several months of age for selected conditions, precautions do apply.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
  • breathing problems
  • breast enlargement
  • enlargement of penis and testes
  • nausea, vomiting
  • pelvic pain or bloating
  • sudden increase in height
  • sudden weight gain
  • trouble passing urine or change in the amount of urine

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • acne
  • changes in emotions or mood
  • facial hair growth
  • headache
  • pain, irritation or inflammation at the injection site
  • tiredness
  • upset stomach

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