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Furosemide

Furosemide

Description

Furosemide is a diuretic which is used to control high blood pressure and edema. It is usually taken once daily, preferably in the daytime to prevent sleep disturbances. Frequent monitoring of blood pressure and electrolytes level is necessary.

Side effects

  • Low potassium and magnesium
  • Decreased calcium level
  • Hearing impairment
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight
  • Muscle spasm
  • Skin rash

Dosage

Missed Dose

Oral forms: The missed dose should be taken as soon as possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it is already time for your next scheduled dose. Do not double your dose to make up for the missed one. Injection: Since this medicine is administered by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of missing a dose is very low.

Overdose

Oral forms: Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose. Injection: Since this medicine is administered by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of an overdose is very low. However, emergency medical treatment will be initiated if an overdose is suspected.

Warnings

Warnings for special population

  • Pregnancy - This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless absolutely necessary. Discuss all the risks and benefits with your doctor before taking this medicine. Your doctor may prescribe a safer alternative based on your clinical condition.
  • Breast-feeding - This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. Discuss all the risks and benefits with your doctor before taking this medicine. Your doctor may prescribe a safer alternative based on your clinical condition.

General warnings

  • Severe liver injury with Cirrhosis and Ascites - Furosemide should be used with caution in the patients suffering from liver diseases such as severe liver injuries, cirrhosis, ascites, etc. since it may worsen the patient's condition. Close monitoring of electrolytes levels and liver function is recommended for such patients. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required based on the clinical condition.
  • Volume depletion and Electrolyte imbalance - Furosemide may alter the blood volume levels and electrolyte levels. This may cause dizziness, dry mouth, and acid-base imbalance. Close monitoring of blood pressure and electrolyte levels is necessary. Therapy with the medicine should be discontinued if these symptoms appear. Therapy may be started again once the lab tests are back to normal. Replacement with a suitable alternative may be considered under your doctor's supervision.

When will I take it?

It's usual to take furosemide once a day in the morning.

Sometimes you take it twice a day – once in the morning and again at lunchtime. Occasionally, you take it every other day.

You don't need to take furosemide at the same time every day. You can occasionally take it at a different time if it's more convenient for you, for example if you need to go out for a few hours in the morning and you won't be near a toilet.

Why it's used

Furosemide is used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). It is also used to treat edema. This is swelling due to fluid buildup in the body. Edema can be caused by other medical conditions such as heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, or kidney disease.

Furosemide may be used as part of a combination therapy to treat high blood pressure. This means you may need to take it with other medications.

How it works

Furosemide belongs to a class of drugs called diuretics. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions.

Furosemide works by helping your body get rid of excess salt and water. It does this by increasing the amount of urine your body makes. This helps lower your blood pressure as well as reduce swelling.

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