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Ethinyl estradiol

Ethinyl estradiol


Ethinyl estradiol, which is the main constituent of Ethinyl Estradiol is a synthetic medicine very similar in action to female sex hormone, estrogen, produced by the ovaries. It is primarily used in combination with other medicine as an oral contraceptive.

Uses of Ethinyl Estradiol

Post menopausal hormonal replacement therapy

This medicine is used to replenish the levels of estrogen hormone in women past menopause.

Female hypogonadism

This medicine is used to treat the deficiency of sex hormone due to delayed development of certain glands in females.

Palliative treatment of cancer

This medicine is used to treat certain symptoms in a patient suffering from end stage cancer of the breast or prostate.

Oral Contraceptives

This medicine is used as the estrogen component of an oral contraceptive pill.


Missed Dose

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next scheduled dose then the missed dose can be skipped.


Contact your doctor if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of overdose may include nausea, vomiting, or vaginal bleeding.

Side effects

  • Breast pain and tenderness
  • Vomiting
  • Weight gain
  • Dizziness
  • Depression
  • Back pain
  • Headache
  • Vaginal discharge with no odor
  • Flu like symptoms
  • Swelling of face, lips, eyelids, tongue, hands and feet
  • Troubled breathing and swallowing
  • Change in the texture of breast skin and nipples

General Instructions

Take Ethinyl Estradiol as instructed by the doctor. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller quantities or for longer durations than recommended. It is advised to do regular follow ups with the doctor while taking this medicine.


Abnormal vaginal bleeding - This medicine should not be given to women having undiagnosed abnormal vaginal bleeding. Appropriate tests should be performed to rule out cancer in all cases of abnormal and persistent bleeding before treatment with ethinyl estradiol is initiated.

Cardiovascular risks - This medicine has been associated with an increased risk of stroke, heart attack, and other complications associated with the heart. It should be used with caution in patients having a heart disease or are exposed to the risk factors.

Breast cancer - Use of this medicine increases the risks of breast cancer and hence should be used at the lowest doses and the duration of treatment should be kept as low as possible.

Jaundice - Use of this medicine can cause yellowing of the eyes and skin due to its effect on the liver and the gall bladder. Report the presence of any symptom indicative of jaundice to the doctor on priority. Use of this medicine should be stopped in such cases.

Oedema - Use of this medicine, especially the topical forms, may cause fluid retention or other associated problems in women. Any swelling of the eye, throat, tongue, arms, and feet should be reported to the doctor.