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Donepezil + Memantine

Donepezil + Memantine

What is donepezil and memantine?

Donepezil improves the function of nerve cells in the brain. It works by preventing the breakdown of a chemical called acetylcholine (ah SEET il KOE leen). People with dementia usually have lower levels of this chemical, which is important for the processes of memory, thinking, and reasoning.

Memantine reduces the actions of chemicals in the brain that may contribute to the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.

Donepezil and memantine is a combination medicine used to treat moderate to severe dementia of the Alzheimer's type.

Donepezil and memantine is not a cure for Alzheimer's disease. This condition will progress over time, even in people who take donepezil.

Uses

This combination medication is used to treat moderate to severe confusion (dementia) related to Alzheimer's disease. It does not cure Alzheimer's disease, but it may improve memory, awareness, and the ability to perform daily functions. This product contains 2 medications. Memantine works by blocking the action of a certain natural substance in the brain (glutamate) that is believed to be linked to symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. Donepezil is an enzyme blocker that works by restoring the balance of natural substances (neurotransmitters) in the brain.

How should i use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. You may take this medicine with or without food. Swallow the capsules whole. Do not chew or crush. If swallowing is difficult, you may open the capsules and sprinkle the entire contents on cool applesauce before swallowing. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed. Continue to take your medicine even if you feel better. Do not stop taking except on the advice of your doctor or health care professional.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

Side Effects of Donepezil and Memantine

Serious side effects have been reported with this medications. See the “donepezil/memantine Precautions” section.

Common side effects include the following:

  • headache
  • diarrhea
  • not wanting to eat
  • bruising
  • dizziness

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include severe dizziness, drowsiness, weakness, trouble walking, slow or fast heart rate, sweating, confusion, agitation, hallucinations, unusual thoughts or behavior, weak or shallow breathing, fainting, or seizure.

Where should i keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

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