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Dicloxacillin

Dicloxacillin

What Is Dicloxacillin?

Dicloxacillin is a penicillin antibiotic that fights bacteria in your body.

Dicloxacillin is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria such as bronchitis, pneumonia, or staphylococcal (also called "staph") infections.

Dicloxacillin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Dicloxacillin is used to treat infections caused by certain types of bacteria. Dicloxacillin is in a class of medications called penicillins. It works by killing bacteria.

Antibiotics such as dicloxacillin will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections. Using antibiotics when they are not needed increases your risk of getting an infection later that resists antibiotic treatment.

How should this medicine be used?

Dicloxacillin comes as a capsule to take by mouth. It is usually taken every 6 hours (four times a day). Dicloxacillin should be taken on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal or snack, The length of your treatment depends on the type of infection that you have. Take dicloxacillin at around the same times every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take dicloxacillin exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.

Take dicloxacillin while you are sitting or standing up with at least 4 ounces (120 mL) of water. Do not lay down or go to sleep immediately after taking dicloxacillin.

Take dicloxacillin until you finish the prescription, even if you feel better. Do not stop taking dicloxacillin without talking to your doctor. If you stop taking dicloxacillin too soon or if you skip doses, your infection may not be completely treated and the bacteria may become resistant to antibiotics.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine.

Overdose symptoms may include confusion, behavior changes, a severe skin rash, urinating less than usual, or seizure (black-out or convulsions).

What other drugs will affect dicloxacillin?

Before taking dicloxacillin, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs:

  • methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall); or
  • probenecid (Benemid).

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with dicloxacillin. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

 

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