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Diclofenac Gel Bp

Diclofenac Gel Bp

What is diclofenac?

Diclofenac is a prescription drug. It comes as a topical gel, oral capsule, oral tablet, eye drops, transdermal patch, topical solution, and powder packets for oral solution.

Diclofenac topical gel is available as the brand-name drugs Solaraze and Voltaren. It’s also available as a generic drug. Generic drugs usually cost less than brand-name versions. In some cases, they may not be available in every strength or form as a brand-name drug.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Diclofenac topical gel (Voltaren) is used to relieve pain from osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by a breakdown of the lining of the joints) in certain joints such as those of the knees, ankles, feet, elbows, wrists, and hands. Diclofenac topical liquid (Pennsaid) is used to relieve osteoarthritis pain in the knees. Diclofenac is in a class of medications called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It works by stopping the body's production of a substance that causes pain.

How should this medicine be used?

Topical diclofenac for osteoarthritis comes as gel (Voltaren) to apply to the affected skin area four times a day to treat arthritis pain. Topical diclofenac for osteoarthritis also comes as a 1.5% liquid (Pennsaid) to apply to the knee four times a day. Topical diclofenac for osteoarthritis also comes as a 2% liquid (Pennsaid) to apply to the knee twice a day. Apply diclofenac gel (Voltaren) or liquid (Pennsaid) at around the same time(s) every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Use topical diclofenac (Pennsaid, Voltaren) exactly as directed. Do not use more or less of it or use it more often or for a longer period of time than prescribed by your doctor. Do not apply the gel or liquid to any area of your body that your doctor did not tell you to treat.

Side Effect

More common side effects

  • itching or rash at application site
  • stomach pain
  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • gas
  • heartburn
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • sleepiness

warnings

High blood pressure warning: This drug can cause high blood pressure, or worsen high blood pressure if you already have it. Your doctor will likely monitor your blood pressure while you use this drug.

Water retention warning: This drug can cause your body to retain water, leading to edema (swelling or puffiness).

Liver function warning: Using diclofenac may affect some of your liver function tests. Your doctor should monitor your liver function while you use diclofenac.

Allergic reaction warning: If you have an allergy to aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), talk to your doctor before using diclofenac. Wash your hands well after using the gel so you don’t get it in your eyes or transfer it to someone else.

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