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Chlamydia Treatment Azithromycin

Chlamydia Treatment Azithromycin

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia trachomatis is bacterial infection of semen or vaginal fluid. It is transmitted through sexual contact. This includes anal, vaginal, and oral sex. Chlamydia can still be passed on even when a man does not ejaculate. It is curable with antibiotics, commonly azithromycin and doxycycline.

Prompt treatment is recommended to prevent more serious problems:

In women: the spread of infection to the womb and ovarian tubes may cause infertility In men:the spread of infection to the testicles causing pain and swelling Testing is available at all specialised sexual health or genitourinary medicine clinics, many family planning clinics and some family doctor (general practitioner or GP) services. Some chemists (pharmacies) offer testing. In some areas, self-testing kits can be ordered on-line. These are used to test urine or swab samples. If you have chlamydia we recommend that you should have tests for other STIs including gonorrhoea, syphilis and HIV.

Chlamydia and pregnancy

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can pose unique risks for someone who’s pregnant. Pregnant women should be especially careful to protect themselves against STDs during pregnancy.

It’s important that all pregnant women get screened for STDs in their first trimester, along with other prenatal screening. This can ensure that there was no infection prior to getting pregnant.

During pregnancy, it’s possible to transmit the infection to the developing child. In the case of chlamydia, it may cause inflammation of the eyes and pneumonia in newborns.

Early treatment is important. The earlier the diagnosis, the sooner treatment can start to ensure the infection won’t be transmitted to the baby or complications don’t arise.

Preventing future chlamydia infection

To minimize the risk of contracting and transmitting chlamydia, sexual intercourse should be avoided until treatment is complete.

If you’ve been diagnosed, it’s also best to contact any sexual partners you had during the 60 days before you were tested. It’s strongly suggested that these partners be tested and treated if needed.

The most reliable way to prevent chlamydia is to avoid sex while being treated. If you and a partner have both been diagnosed, you should avoid sexual contact until everyone has completed treatment.

Some methods to prevent being infected with chlamydia include:

  • using condoms
  • practicing safe sex
  • getting regular screenings

If a partner is infected, using a condom is recommended to help protect against infection or reinfection, although it’s not 100 percent effective.

Treatment

Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics, which are very effective in treating it. Normally this consists of a seven-day course of doxycycline, or a single dose of azithromycin, given as two or four tablets. It is important to take all your tablets to ensure that the infection is completely cleared from your body. You may still have symptoms for a few days after taking azithromycin as the antibiotic takes time to work.

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