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Chlamydia Medicine Azithromycin

Chlamydia Medicine Azithromycin

Azithromycin safe, effective treatment for Chlamydia

Standard treatment for chlamydia is a single dose of azithromycin or a week’s course of doxycycline twice daily. However, evidence suggests that azithromycin may not be as effective as doxycycline.

To establish efficacy, US researchers randomly assigned adolescents with urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis infection to azithromycin (n=284) or doxycycline (n=283) (155 adolescents completed the study in each group). The participants were residents at youth correctional facilities, which made the chances of reinfection low, say the researchers.

The efficacy of doxycycline was 100%, compared with 97% for azithromycin. The results meant that azithromycin was not deemed as clinically effective as doxycycline.

Uses

Azithromycin is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. It is a macrolide-type antibiotic. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

This medication will not work for viral infections (such as common cold, flu). Unnecessary use or misuse of any antibiotic can lead to its decreased effectiveness.

Azithromycin or Doxycycline for Chlamydia trachomatis Infection?

Treatment failure was 0% with doxycycline and only 3% with azithromycin in incarcerated youth, though noninferiority of azithromycin was not achieved.

For several years, the recommended treatment for urogenital infections from Chlamydia trachomatis has been either doxycycline or azithromycin, although some studies have suggested inferiority of azithromycin.

How is chlamydia treated?

Chlamydia can be easily treated with antibiotics. All treatments for STIs, including chlamydia, are free. If you test positive for chlamydia, you will be told where you can get your treatment. Important information about your treatment The antibiotics are highly effective if taken correctly. The antibiotics don’t stop contraceptive pills, implants, patches or injections from working.

What happens if chlamydia is left untreated?

Women Chlamydia may spread from the neck of the womb (cervix) to the womb (uterus) the ovarian (or Fallopian) tubes and ovaries. This is called pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID. PID increases the risk of infertility and/or ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy that occurs outside the womb, usually in one of the ovarian tubes). Men Chlamydia can spread from the urethra to the testicles causing pain and/ or swelling of the testicles. This is known as epididymo-orchitis. Women and men In rare cases chlamydia may cause pain and swelling in joints such as the ankles or knees. This is known as sexually acquired reactive arthropathy (SAR A) and is more common in men. Sometimes inflammation of the eyes (conjunctivitis) also occurs.

Testing and treating sexual partners

If you test positive for chlamydia, it's important that your current sexual partner and any other recent sexual partners you've had are also tested and treated.

A specialist sexual health adviser can help you contact your recent sexual partners, or the clinic can contact them for you if you prefer.

Either you or someone from the clinic can speak to them, or the clinic can send them a note to let them know they may have been exposed to a sexually transmitted infection (STI).

The note will suggest that they go for a check-up. It will not have your name on it, so your confidentiality will be protected.

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