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Azithromycin Pregnancy

azithromycin pregnancy

Azithromycin Dosage

Azithromycin is taken as a pill or liquid. It's also given as intravenous (IV) injection in hospitals. Packets of powder are mixed with water to create the liquid solution.

Azithromycin may be taken with or without food.

Doctors sometimes prescribe azithromycin for shorter periods than they do for other antibiotics, such as in a one-day "mega-dose," or for three or five days, using the Z-Pak, which starts at a higher dose than longer regimens.

The dosage and length of time for azithromycin treatment vary according to the type of infection:

  • Infections of the skin and skin tissues: One dose of 500 milligrams (mg), then 250 mg per day for four days
  • Infection of the throat and tonsils: One dose of 500 mg; then 250 mg per day for four days

Warnings

Contraindications

Documented hypersensitivity

History of cholestatic jaundice or hepatic impairment associated with prior azithromycin use

Coadministration with pimozide

Cautions

Use with caution in abnormal liver function, hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice, hepatic necrosis, and hepatic failure have been reported, some of which have resulted in death; discontinue azithromycin immediately if signs and symptoms of hepatitis occur

Injection-site reactions can occur with IV route

In treatment of gonorrhea or syphilis, perform susceptibility culture tests before initiating azithromycin therapy; may mask or delay symptoms of incubating gonorrhea or syphilis.

Bacterial or fungal superinfection may result from prolonged use

Prolonged QT interval: Cases of torsades de pointes have been reported during postmarketing surveillance; use with caution in patients with known QT prolongation, history of torsades de pointes, congenital long QT syndrome, bradyarrhythmias, or uncompensated heart failure; also use with caution if coadministering with drugs that prolong QT interval or proarrhythmic conditions (eg, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia); elderly patients may be more susceptible to drug-associated effects on QT interval

Uses of Azithromycin

Azithromycin is a prescription medication used to treat many bacterial infections such as those of the lungs and airways, eyes, ears, sinuses, skin, throat, and infections from sexually transmitted diseases.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Pregnancy and Azithromycin

Azithromycin is generally safe to take while pregnant.

Regardless, you should tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant before taking this medication.

Whether azithromycin is found in breast milk remains unknown. Talk to you doctor if you are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed before taking azithromycin.

Side Effects of Azithromycin

Serious side effects have been reported with azithromycin. See “Drug Precautions” section.

Common side effects of azithromycin in the tablet, oral solution, and injection forms include:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • stomach pain
  • heartburn
  • headache

Common side effects of azithromycin in the eye drop form include:

  • eye burning, stinging and irritation
  • dry eye
  • discharge coming from your eye
  • changes to the surface of your eye
  • blurred vision

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