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Azithromycin How To Take

azithromycin how to take

About azithromycin

Azithromycin is an antibiotic.

It's widely used to treat chest infections such as pneumonia, infections of the nose and throat such as sinusitis, skin infections, Lyme disease, and some sexually transmitted infections.

Azithromycin is used in children, often to treat ear infections or chest infections.

It can also be used long term to prevent chest infections in people who keep getting them.

The medicine is available on prescription as capsules, tablets and a liquid that you drink. It can also be given by injection, but this is usually only done in hospital.

Key facts about azithromycin

Azithromycin is suitable for adults and children aged six months and over.

Zithromax and Clamelle are brand names for azithromycin.

Azithromycin is usually taken once a day. Always complete the prescribed course.

Azithromycin capsules need to be taken one hour before or two hours after food. The tablets and liquid can be taken either with or without food.

Don't take indigestion remedies two hours before or after taking azithromycin.

The most common side effects are diarrhoea, feeling sick, vomiting, stomach ache and headache.

It's generally OK to drink alcohol in moderation while taking azithromycin.

Uses of Azithromycin

Azithromycin is a prescription medication used to treat many bacterial infections such as those of the lungs and airways, eyes, ears, sinuses, skin, throat, and infections from sexually transmitted diseases.

This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

How does azithromycin work?

Azithromycin is a type of antibiotic called a macrolide. It works by preventing bacteria from producing proteins that are essential to them. Without these proteins the bacteria cannot grow, replicate and increase in numbers. The bacteria eventually die or are destroyed by the immune system. This clears up the infection.

Azithromycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that helps clear up infections caused by a wide variety of bacteria.

How to take azithromycin

All possible dosages and drug forms may not be included here. Your dosage, drug form, and how often you take the drug will depend on:

  • your age
  • the condition being treated
  • how severe your condition is
  • other medical conditions you have
  • how you react to the first dose

Azithromycin is usually taken once a day, unless you're having it by injection. Try to take your medicine at the same time each day.

The usual dose is 500mg a day for 3 to 10 days depending on the infection being treated.

For some infections, you'll be given a one-off higher dose of 1g or 2g.

The dose may be lower for children or if you have liver or kidney problems.

Azithromycin is sometimes prescribed long term to prevent chest infections if you keep getting them. In this case, it's usually taken 3 times a week, often on a Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

For oral dosage form (extended-release suspension):

  • For treatment of pneumonia:

Adults—2 grams (g) once as a single dose.

Children weighing 75 pounds (34 kg) or more—2 g once as a single dose.

Children and infants 6 months of age and older weighing less than 75 pounds (34 kg)—Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The dose is usually 60 milligrams (mg) per kilogram (kg) of body weight once as a single dose.

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