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Azithromycin

Azithromycin

Description

Azithromycin is an antibiotic used to treat different types of infections caused by a variety of bacteria. It has the advantage of once-daily dosing. This medicine is not recommended for use in case of common cold, flu or viral infections since it is active against infections caused by bacteria only.

Azithromycin side effects

Azithromycin oral tablet doesn’t cause drowsiness but it can cause other side effects.

More common side effects

The more common side effects that can occur with azithromycin are listed below, along with their rates:

Other less common side effects include:

  • Vomiting
  • Gas
  • Upset stomach
  • Vaginal yeast infection
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Rash

The side effect rates are based on the multi-dose regimen for common bacterial infections, as reported in clinical trials. Rates for the single 1-gram dosing regimen include diarrhea (7%), nausea (5%), stomach pain (5%), vomiting (2%), dyspepsia (1%), and vaginitis (1%). For more information, see the FDA package insert.

If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacis

What is azithromycin?

Azithromycin is a prescription drug. It’s available as an:

  • oral tablet
  • oral suspension
  • extended-release oral suspension
  • eye drop
  • intravenous form that a healthcare provider can give

The oral tablet is available as a generic drug as well as the brand-name drug Zithromax. Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. In some cases, they may not be available in all strengths or forms as the brand-name drug.

Why it’s used

Azithromycin is used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria. It should not be used to treat infections caused by viruses, such as the common cold. Azithromycin may be used in combination with other antibiotics when it’s used to treat mycobacterium avium complex infection.

How it works

Azithromycin works by stopping bacteria from multiplying. This kills the bacteria and treats your infection.

Dosage

Missed Dose

Oral forms/Eye drops/Gel/Ointment: The missed dose of Azithromycin should be taken/applied as soon as possible. It is advisable to skip the missed dose if it is already time for your next scheduled dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up for the missed dose. Since Azithromycin injection is usually administered by a qualified healthcare professional in the clinical or hospital setting, the likelihood of missing a dose is very low.

Overdose

Oral forms/Eye drops/Ointment/Gel: Seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor in case of an overdose with Azithromycin. Injection: Since this medicine is administered in the hospital or clinical setting by a qualified healthcare professional, the likelihood of an overdose is very low. However, emergency medical treatment will be initiated by the doctor if an overdose is suspected.

Warnings

Warnings for special population

  • Pregnancy - This medicine is not recommended for use in pregnant women unless necessary and the potential benefits outweigh the risks involved.
  • Breast-feeding - This medicine is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless absolutely necessary. If the medicine is used, close monitoring of the infant for any undesired effects is necessary.

General warnings

  • Hypersensitivity - This medicine is not recommended for use if you have a known allergy to Azithromycin or any other macrolides.
  • Myasthenia Gravis - Azithromycin has been reported to worsen the symptoms of Myasthenia Gravis as well as trigger new-onset symptoms. Hence, this medicine should be used with extreme caution in patients with a known history of Myasthenia Gravis. Replacement with a suitable alternative should be done under your doctor's supervision.
  • QT Prolongation - This medicine should be used with caution in patients with a known history of arrhythmias, heart diseases and patients who are on medicines that prolong QT interval such as psychiatric drugs and anti-arrhythmic drugs since Azithromycin may increase the risk of cardiac arrhythmias. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required based on the clinical condition.
  • Diarrhea - Antibiotic therapy will cause an imbalance in the normal microbial flora of the large intestine, which may promote the growth of bacteria called Clostridium difficile and you may experience severe diarrhea as a result. Report any such incidence to the doctor on priority. Appropriate dose adjustments or replacement with a suitable alternative may be required based on the clinical condition.
  • Drug resistance - Usage of Azithromycin without sufficient proof or suspicion of a bacterial infection should be avoided. Irrational dosing might fail in providing the benefits and even cause toxicity. It may also increase the risk of development of bacteria that are drug resistant.

Know More About This Medicine and Buy Now :  MedyPharma.com

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