Generic: ClopidogrelGeneric: ClopidogrelGeneric: Warfarin
Anticoagulants are medicines that help prevent blood clots. They're given to people at a high risk of getting clots, to reduce their chances of developing serious conditions such as strokes and heart attacks. A blood clot is a seal created by the blood to stop bleeding from wounds.
A blood clot is a seal created by the blood to stop bleeding from wounds. While they're useful in stopping bleeding, they can block blood vessels and stop blood flowing to organs such as the brain, heart or lungs if they form in the wrong place.
Anticoagulants work by interrupting the process involved in the formation of blood clots. They're sometimes called "blood-thinning" medicines, although they don't actually make the blood thinner.
Although they're used for similar purposes, anticoagulants are different to antiplatelet medicines, such as low-dose aspirin and clopidogrel.
Symptoms Of Anti Coagulant
- passing blood in your pee.
- passing blood when you poo or having black poo.
- severe bruising.
- prolonged nosebleeds (lasting longer than 10 minutes)
- bleeding gums.
- vomiting blood or coughing up blood.
- sudden severe back pain.
- difficulty breathing or chest pain.
Causes Of Anti Coagulant
If a blood clot blocks the flow of blood through a blood vessel, the affected part of the body will become starved of oxygen and will stop working properly.
Depending on where the clot forms, this can lead to serious problems such as:
- strokes or transient ischaemic attacks ("mini-strokes")
- heart attacks
- deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
- pulmonary embolism
Treatment with anticoagulants may be recommended if your doctor feels you're at an increased risk of developing one of these problems. This may be because you've had blood clots in the past or you've been diagnosed with a condition such as atrial fibrillation that can cause blood clots to form.
You may also be prescribed an anticoagulant if you've recently had surgery, as the period of rest and inactivity you need during your recovery can increase your risk of developing a blood clot.
Common Anti Coagulant Medicines
- rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
- dabigatran (Pradaxa)
- apixaban (Eliquis)
- edoxaban (Lixiana)
Adverse effects Of Anti Coagulant
- passing blood in your urine
- passing blood when you poo or having black poo
- severe bruising
- prolonged nosebleeds
- bleeding gums
- vomiting blood or coughing up blood
- heavy periods in women
Prevention Of Anti Coagulant
Strokes – where a blood clot restricts the flow of blood to your brain, causing brain cells to die and possibly resulting in permanent brain damage or death
Transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs) – also called "mini-strokes", these have similar symptoms to a stroke, but the effects usually last less than 24 hours
Heart attacks – where a blood clot blocks a blood vessel supplying your heart, starving it of oxygen and causing chest pain and sometimes death
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) – where a blood clot forms in one of the deep veins in your body, usually your legs, causing pain and swelling
Pulmonary embolism – where a blood clot blocks one of the blood vessels around the lungs, stopping the supply of blood to your lungs
Diagnosis Of Anti Coagulant
Your doctor or nurse should tell you how much of your anticoagulant medicine to take and when to take it.
Most people need to take their tablets or capsules once or twice a day with water or food.
The length of time you need to keep taking your medicine for depends on why it's been prescribed. In many cases, treatment will be lifelong.
If you're unsure how to take your medicine, or are worried that you missed a dose or have taken too much, check the patient information leaflet that comes with it or ask your GP, anticoagulant clinic or pharmacist what to do. You can also call NHS 111 for advice.Anti Coagulants
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