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Ampicillin Cloxacillin

Ampicillin Cloxacillin

Description

Ampicillin and cloxacillin is a penicillin antibiotic combination often prescribed to provide an extended spectrum of efficacy, particularly against penicillin-resistant infections.

It is prescribed for the treatment of a wide range of bacterial infections caused by susceptible organisms including middle ear infections, upper and lower respiratory tract infections, gastro-intestinal infections, skin and soft-tissue infections such as boils or infections as a result of spider bites, impetigo - a bacterial skin infection characterised by small pus-filled blisters, and endocarditis - inflammation of the lining of the heart and its valves.

This penicillin-combination can cause minor stomach upsets and a blotchy skin rash, a common unwanted effect which is not necessarily an indication of an allergic reaction. Should you develop a skin rash you should however consult your doctor to rule out the possibility of allergy. A penicillin allergy may lead to fever, swelling of the mouth and tongue, itching and associated breathing difficulties.

Uses

Cloxacillin is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections. This medication is a type of penicillin antibiotic. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

This antibiotic treats only bacterial infections. It will not work for viral infections (such as common cold, flu). Using any antibiotic when it is not needed can cause it to not work for future infections.

How to use Cloxacillin Capsule

Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. This medication is best absorbed when taken on an empty stomach (1 hour before or 2 hours after meals).

If you are using the liquid suspension form of this medicine, shake the bottle well before each dose.

The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. In children, the dosage is also based on weight and age.

Interactions

Your healthcare professionals (e.g., doctor or pharmacist) may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for it. Do not start, stop or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: fusidic acid, methotrexate, tetracyclines, warfarin, khat, guar gum.

Although most antibiotics are unlikely to affect hormonal birth control such as pills, patch, or ring, a few antibiotics (such as rifampin, rifabutin) can decrease their effectiveness. This could result in pregnancy. If you use hormonal birth control, ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.

Precautions

Before taking cloxacillin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other antibiotics including penicillin-type medications (e.g., amoxicillin, ampicillin, penicillin) or cephalosporins (e.g., cephalexin, cefuroxime); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney problems.

Cloxacillin may cause live bacterial vaccines (such as typhoid vaccine) to not work as well. Do not have any immunizations/vaccinations while using this medication unless your doctor tells you to.

Kidney function declines as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Therefore, elderly people may be more sensitive to this drug.

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