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Acne (acne vulgaris, common acne) is a disease of the hair follicles of the face, chest, and back that affects almost all teenagers during puberty -- the only exception being members of a few primitive Neolithic tribes living in isolation. It is not caused by bacteria, although bacteria play a role in its development. It is not unusual for some women to develop acne in their mid- to late-20s.
Adult acne is quite a common issue that affects many people, and for some, it's the first time they start to get acne breakouts. Let's first look at some of the main culprits for sudden breakouts and what proactive measures you can take to control them.
Symptoms Of Acne
- Whiteheads: These remain under the skin and are small
- Blackheads: Clearly visible, they are black and appear on the surface of the skin
- Papules: Small, usually pink bumps, these are visible on the surface of the skin
- Pustules: Clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top
- Nobules: Clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid, painful pimples that are embedded deep in the skin
- Cysts: Clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are painful and filled with pus. Cysts can cause scars.
Causes Of Acne
- Stress is a significant factor contributing to sudden breakouts
- You are using the wrong products
- Environmental Factors
Common Acne Medicines
- Acnestar Gel
- Acnedap 5 % Gel
- D Acne Foaming Face Wash
- Acnoff Anti-Acne Bar
- Acnesol 1% solution
- Acnelak Face Wash
- Acnex 10mg Capsule
- Acneris-NT Gel
Adverse effects Of Acne
- Skin irritation,
- Anemia (low number of red blood cells),
- Low blood platelets,
- Eyelid inflammation,
- Dry eye,
- Eye irritation,
- Dry skin,
- Exfoliative dermatitis,
- Itching, Increased liver enzymes.
Prevention Of Acne
Wash your face no more than twice each day with warm water and mild soap made especially for acne.
Do not scrub the skin or burst the pimples, as this may push the infection further down, causing more blocking, swelling, and redness.
Avoid popping pimples, as this makes scarring likelier.
A specialist can treat a pimple that requires rapid removal for cosmetic reasons.
Refrain from touching the face.
Hold the telephone away from the face when talking, as it is likely to contain sebum and skin residue.
Wash hands frequently, especially before applying lotions, creams, or makeup.
Clean spectacles regularly as they collect sebum and skin residue.
If acne is on the back, shoulders, or chest, try wearing loose clothing to let the skin breathe. Avoid tight garments, such as headbands, caps, and scarves, or wash them regularly if used.
Choose makeup for sensitive skin and avoid oil-based products. Remove makeup before sleeping.
Use an electric shaver or sharp safety razors when shaving. Soften the skin and beard with warm soapy water before applying shaving cream.
Keep hair clean, as it collects sebum and skin residue. Avoid greasy hair products, such as those containing cocoa butter.
Avoid excessive sun exposure, as it can cause the skin to produce more sebum. Several acne medications increase the risk of sunburn.
Avoid anxiety and stress, as it can increase production of cortisol and adrenaline, which exacerbate acne.
Try to keep cool and dry in hot and humid climates, to prevent sweating.
Diagnosis Of Acne
A variety of steroidal and non-steroidal creams and gels are available to treat acne, and many are effective.
Mild acne can be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, such as gels, soaps, pads, creams, and lotions, that are applied to the skin.
Creams and lotions are best for sensitive skin. Alcohol-based gels dry the skin and are better for oily skin.
OTC acne remedies may contain the following active ingredients:
- Resorcinol: helps break down blackheads and whiteheads
- Benzoyl peroxide: kills bacteria, accelerates the replacement of skin, and slows the production of sebum
- Salicylic acid: assists the breakdown of blackheads and whiteheads and helps reduce inflammation and swelling
- Sulfur: exactly how this works is unknown
- Retin-A: helps unblock pores through cell turnover
- Azelaic acid: strengthens cells that line the follicles, stops sebum eruptions, and reduces bacterial growth. There is cream for acne, but other forms are used for rosacea.
It is advisable to start with the lowest strengths, as some preparations can cause skin irritation, redness, or burning on first use.
These side effects normally subside after continued use. If not, see a doctor.Acne
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